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中国传统家文化:地位、内涵与时代价值

来源:用户上传      作者:陈延斌,陈姝瑾

  [摘要] 家文化是中国传统文化的基石,对中国社会影响深远。中华民族家文化由家训(家教)文化、家礼文化、家德文化、家风文化、家史文化、家法文化、家学文化和谱牒文化等构成,内蕴极为丰富。传统家文化的各个构成部分虽然维度和分类不同,但在内容上相互渗透,在形式上交叉互鉴,在功能上彼此为用、相辅相成,共同支撑起中华民族家文化的大B。传统家文化不因时代变迁而失去其积极价值,可以为建设新时代中国特色家文化、涵育家庭美德和处世道德、推进家庭礼仪文明提供丰富滋养。吸取传统家训文化的教子智慧,借鉴传统家文化教育载体也可以用来助力今天的家教和家庭家风建设。
  [关键词] 中华家文化;传统文化;家训;家风;新时代家文化
  [中图分类号] G122[文献标识码] A[文章编号] 1008―1763(2022)03―0034―06
  Traditional Family Culture:Status,Connotation and Time ValueCHEN Yanbin1,CHEN Shujin2
  (1.Institute of Chinese Culture, Jiangsu Normal University,Xuzhou221116,China;
  2. College of Science and Literature,Jiangsu Normal University ,Xuzhou221116,China)
  Abstract:Family culture is the cornerstone of traditional Chinese culture and has a profound impact on Chinese society. The family culture of the Chinese nation consists of family education (family instruction) culture, family etiquette culture, family ethics culture, family tradition culture, family history culture, family discipline culture and family learning culture. Although the components of traditional family culture are different in dimension and classification, they permeate each other in content, cross and learn from each other in form, and serve each other and complement each other in function, which jointly supports the construction of Chinese national family culture. The traditional family culture will not lose its positive value due to the changes of the times. It can provide rich nourishment for the construction of family tradition culture with Chinese characteristics in the new era, the cultivation of family virtues and morality, the construction of new family etiquette culture, and the promotion of family etiquette civilization. Absorbing the wisdom of traditional family instruction culture and learning from the carrier of traditional family culture can also benefit construction of today’s family education and family tradition.
  Key words: Chinese family culture; traditional culture; family precepts; family tradition; family culture in the new era
  “文化是民族的血脉,是人民的精神家园”[1],文化在中国特色社会主义建设和中华民族伟大复兴中起着重要的作用。中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅印发的《关于实施中华优秀传统文化传承发展工程的意见》指出,实施中华优秀传统文化传承发展工程,传承中华文脉,要“挖掘和整理家训、家书文化,用优良的家风家教培育青少年”[2]。家训、家礼、家风等家文化,是我国传统文化,尤其是道德文化中极为重要的组成部分,是中国传统社会治家、齐家、教家的重要制度文化,也是新时代优良家德、家风培育和公民道德建设的丰富滋养。
  一家文化在中华传统文化中的地位
  (一)家文化是中国传统文化的基石
  家文化是体现我们民族特质和精神风貌的民族文化,是中华民族在数千年繁衍生息过程中形成和发展的家庭文化样态。中国传统家文化随着生产力的进步而发展,随着家庭的产生发展而演进。因而,父祖长辈对于子孙的教育除了遵循一般的社会要求之外,还深深地打上了家庭、家族的独特烙印,并在世代延续、演进的过程中,不断沉淀累积下来,形成各具特色的家文化。[3]219

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