您好, 访客   登录/注册
  •  > 中国论文网 > 
  • 医学论文  > 
  • 新型冠状病毒肺炎隔离观察者的生活质量与中医药干预方法接受意愿调查分析

新型冠状病毒肺炎隔离观察者的生活质量与中医药干预方法接受意愿调查分析

来源:用户上传      作者:马允亮 陈斌 汪珍 薛鸿浩

  摘 要 目的:了解隔x观察者主要健康问题和中医药干预方法接受意愿。方法:于2021年10月11日―11月20日采用便利抽样方法选取上海市闵行区华漕镇2个集中隔离医学观察点的隔离观察者作为研究对象进行问卷调查,返回问卷的隔离观察者为392名,回收有效问卷386份,问卷有效回收率98.5%。结果:有紧张或焦虑情绪的隔离观察者为105名,其中第1~3天出现紧张或焦虑情绪的56名(53.3%),第4~7天出现紧张或焦虑情绪的30名(28.6%),第8~10天出现紧张或焦虑情绪的11名(10.5%),第11~13天出现紧张或焦虑情绪的8名(7.6%)。有失眠症状的隔离观察者为121名,其中第1~3天出现失眠症状的74名(61.2%),第4~7天出现失眠症状的29名(24.0%),第8~10天出现失眠症状的13名(10.7%),第11~13天出现失眠症状的5名(4.1%)。157名(40.7%)隔离观察者愿意或可以接受中医药干预方法,6种中医药干预方法的平均综合得分从高到低依次为中医穴位按摩法、中药茶饮方、中医保健功法、中医药膳方、中药香囊悬挂法和耳穴贴压法。结论:随着隔离时间的增加,隔离观察者的紧张或焦虑情绪、失眠、食欲欠佳和二便异常等情况均逐渐好转,推测原因可能为隔离观察者已逐步适应集中隔离医学观察点的生活作息。相较于中医穴位按摩法的简便易行,中医保健功法和耳穴贴压法等的操作要求明显更高,可见中医药干预方法是否简便易行是隔离观察者中医药干预方法接受意愿的主要影响因素。
  关键词 新型冠状病毒肺炎;隔离观察者;生活质量;中医药干预方法
  中图分类号:R563.1 文献标志码:A 文章编号:1006-1533(2022)16-0010-04
  引用本文 马允亮, 陈斌, 汪珍, 等. 新型冠状病毒肺炎隔离观察者的生活质量与中医药干预方法接受意愿调查分析[J]. 上海医药, 2022, 43(16): 10-13.
  Investigation and analysis of the quality of life and willingness to accept traditional Chinese medicine intervention methods among observers in COVID-19 isolation
  MA Yunliang1, CHEN Bin2, WANG Zhen1, XUE Honghao3(1. Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Huacao Community Health Service Center of Minhang District, Shanghai 201107, China; 2. Huacao Community Health Service Center of Minhang District, Shanghai 201107, China; 3. Respiratory Department of Longhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200032, China)
  ABSTRACT Objective: To understand the main health problems of isolated observers and the willingness to accept traditional Chinese medicine intervention methods. Methods: From October 11th to November 20th, 2021, the isolated observers from 2 centralized medical isolation points in Huacao Town of Minhang District, Shanghai were selected by convenience sampling method as the research objects to conduct a questionnaire survey, the number of isolated observers who returned to the questionnaire was 392, 386 valid questionnaires were recovered, and the effective recovery rate of the questionnaire was 98.5%. Results: There were 105 isolated observers with nervousness or anxiety, of which 56(53.3%) had nervousness or anxiety on the 1st to 3rd day, 30(28.6%) had nervousness or anxiety on the 4th to 7th day, 11(10.5%) had nervousness or anxiety on the 8th to 10th day, and 8(7.6%) had nervousness or anxiety on the 11th to 13th day. There were 121 isolated observers with insomnia symptoms, of which 74(61.2%) had insomnia symptoms on the 1st to 3rd day, 29(24.0%) had insomnia symptoms on the 4th to 7th day, and 13 patients(10.7%) had insomnia symptoms on the 8th to 10th day, and 5 patients(4.1%) had insomnia symptoms on the 11th to 13th day. One hundred and fifty-seven(40.7%) isolated observers were willing or able to accept traditional Chinese medicine intervention methods. The average comprehensive scores of the 6 kinds of TCM intervention methods from high to low were TCM acupoint massage, TCM tea recipes, TCM health care methods, TCM medicated diet, traditional Chinese medicine sachet hanging method and TCM ear point sticking method. Conclusion: With the increase of the isolation time, the nervousness or anxiety, insomnia, poor appetite and abnormal feces of the isolated observers are gradually improved, and the speculated reason may be that the isolated observers gradually adapt to the life pace of the centralized isolation medical observation point. Compared with the simplicity of TCM acupoint massage, the operation requirements of TCM health-care exercises and ear acupoint sticking methods are significantly higher. It can be seen whether the traditional Chinese medicine intervention method is simple and easy to implement is the main influencing factor for the willingness of isolated observers to accept the TCM intervention method.

nlc202209131047



转载注明来源:https://www.xzbu.com/6/view-15439571.htm

相关文章

服务推荐