关注一词多义
作者 :  陆 洲

  英语词汇的一词多义是很普遍的现象,一些常用词语用在不同的句子里可能失去基本含义,而表示另外一些意思。我们平时要在大量的阅读中根据不同的上下文去揣摸,才能准确地理解,避免闹出笑话。下面举一些示例供参考。
  一、dead,death,die不是“死”
  1.He is a dead shot.他是个神枪手。
  2.He cut me dead at the meeting.他假装不认识我。
  3.His feet feel dead.他的脚冻僵了。
  4.He is having a dead sleep.他正在熟睡。
  5.He is at a dead lift.他在急难之中。
  6.He is dead sure of it.他对此完全肯定。
  7.Let the dead bury the dead.既往不究。
  8.He is dead to all sense of shame.他毫不知耻。
  9.The child draws his picture in dead earnest.这孩子画画十分认真。
  10.He is bored to death.他讨厌得要命。
  11.He caught his death of cold.他患严重的感冒。
  12.He is dying for the book.他极想得到这本书。
  13.He dies to shame.他恬不知耻。
  14.Never say die!不要气馁。
  二、hand不仅仅是“手”
  1.He had no hand in the mattter.他跟那事毫无关系。
  2.The terminal examination is at hand.期末考试快到了。
  3.Would you please give me a hand?请给我帮个忙?
  4.He writes in a clear hand.他书写很清楚。
  5.Did this letter come by hand or through the post?这封信是专人送来的还是邮寄过来的?
  6.You must have your hands full in that company.你在那个公司一定是个大忙人。
  7.Mr Hunter suddenly failed,and all hands in the mill were turned off.亨特先生突然破了产,工厂的所有职工都被解雇。
  8.He plays the violin every day to keep his hand in.他每天拉小提琴以保证熟练。
  9.He played his hand openly at the meeting.他在会上公开了自己的计划。
  10.Put your hand no further than your sleeve will reach.量入为出。
  11.She heard the story at first hand.她直接听到此事。
  12.The boys have got quite out of hand.这些男孩已完全不受管束了。
  13.Please be on hand at ten sharp.请10点准时出席。
  14.They both are hand in glove with each other.他俩相互勾结(狼狈为奸)。
  15.The teacher had a free hand in her classroom.那位女教师自如地进行课堂教学。
  三、egg不是“蛋”
  1.His joke laid an egg.他的笑话不逗人笑。
  2.Never cackle till your egg is laid.事未成功莫先夸耀。
  3.He had eggs on his face when he did like that.他那样做显得可笑(丢脸)。
  4.He bears me grudges because I broke the egg in his pocket.他对我怀恨在心,因为我打破了他的计划。
  5.I’m sorry, I have eggs on the spit.对不起,我正忙得不可开交。
  6.He will have a good-sized egg from the oof-bird when his uncle dies.他的叔叔死后他会得到一大笔遗产。
  7.As sure as eggs is eggs it will rain tomorrow.明天肯定会下雨。
  8.Tom is such a good egg that everybody wants to be his friend.汤姆是个好人,大家都愿意和他交朋友。